Here‘s a good explanation of the grammar of phrasal verbs. Learn phrasal verbs properly!
But remember there is no quick and easy way to learn them. It is a question of practice and USAGE!
Then, try to understand the logic of each particle: meaning associated to “up” “down” “off”… and then group phrasal verbs around topics (media, relatioships, doctors, etc). For instance, listen to these audios (I stumbled upon this great great site on phrasal verbs, kudos to phrasalverbdemon.com!) and try to group all verbs+particles you hear around several different topics.
Check out also the other posts I have published on phrasal verbs.